Grade 12 Electives

*Note: For students wanting to attend university, you will need 6 Grade 12 credits

Click here for Grade 12 Compulsory Courses

  • A World of Religions 40S
  • Band 40S
  • Biology 40S
  • Chemistry 40S
  • Choir 40S
  • Drama 40S
  • Food and Nutrition 40S
  • French 40S
  • Global Issues 40S
  • History of Western Civilization 40S
  • Interdisciplinary Science 40S
  • Introduction to Calculus 45S
  • Law 40S
  • Lifeworks: Transitions 40S
  • Physics 40S
  • Psychology 40S
  • Visual Arts 40S
  • Apprenticeship 40S
  • History of Rock and Roll (Cinema History) 40S
  • Self-Directed Learning
  • Dual-Credit University English

This course will provide students with a basic understanding of the history, beliefs, and practices of the major religions of the world. Religions to be studied include, but are not limited to: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Mormonism. As part of the study of Christianity, students will also learn about the history and beliefs of Christianity’s major branches and denominations.

In addition to skills acquired in Band 30S, students will continue to develop an understanding of interval relationships, as well sight-reading skills.  One aim of this course is to encourage students to demonstrate and refine critical thinking skills to support their opinions of both live and recorded musical performances.  In terms of technique, students will:

  •         Continue to work toward increasing control and efficient use of breath
  •         Extend knowledge and use of alternate fingerings/slide positions
  •         Display an increased understanding of the mechanical idiosyncrasies that affect intonation

Attendance is again required at all Concert events, and possibly an end of year Concert Tour, as planned by the music department. Prerequisite:  Band 30S

This course will introduce many introductory topics in biology. The following topics will be covered: DNA and its role in cell function, genetics, cell bioenergetics, variety in living things, flowering plants, and optional topics. This course demands daily study and memorization of many new terms and diagrams.

Chemistry 40S is designed to provide a firm grounding in the concepts and processes of chemistry, an understanding of the factors which influence the application of chemical principles and an opportunity for the student to experience growth in his or her thinking ability. Such growth and development will help prepare the student to live in the world of ever increasing complexity. Topics covered are electronic structure, reaction rates, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, solubility and oxidation-reduction.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 30S

This course involves singing choral music in many styles – from Bach to gospel to new and current music. Music theory is taught, aural skills are worked on and some small assignments are given, but most of the time is spent singing. Interest is of prime importance. Participation and individual musical growth are emphasized. The year’s activities include several concerts, and participation in the Fall concert, Christmas concert, Spring Concert and local festivals. Attendance is vital in this course as concerts are outside of the timetable. Concerts must be attended and participated in as part of the curriculum.

In this advanced course, students will continue to work on their performance skills in various contexts. Interpretation of existing scripts, set design and creative exploration will be part of the work. Students may be required to be involved in the behind-the-scenes activities of the annual school production.

This course is a continuation of Food and Nutrition 30S.

Students will continue studying the how and why of different cooking techniques. They will learn about making things from scratch such as soups, sauces, pasta, breads, and dressings. Projects will include recipe and menu development, nutrition for different needs, and developing a cooking show.  This course is very hands on and students are expected to research and learn about new topics.

By the end of this course, students should be able to express themselves both orally and written in the French language with fluency, accuracy and spontaneity in a variety of situations pertaining to everyday life. This course also prepares students for further study in French at the university or college level. French 40S introduces the subjunctive to be used in written and oral communication, as well as previously studied tenses.  The course will include the study of a French novel.

Prerequisite: French 30S

As an option course, Global Issues is flexible enough to meet the needs of all students. There are ten themes that permeate the course but students can select which themes or perspectives are most meaningful to them. Much time is spent collecting news items and then developing a systematic way to get more than just facts from the news. From this, students design project work to better make sense of the world in which they live.

This optional course examines the development of Western Civilization from its roots to the present. The bulk of the course concentrates on the social and political history of the past 300 years. Student input can lead to greater emphasis on areas of particular interest.

While most science courses focus mainly on information delivery and retention, this is an inquiry-based; “dive-right-in” approach to science. Although there is a small amount of lecture and presentation of materials, the main focus of this curriculum is to put students right in the middle of topics and allow them to explore the subject without a rigid tour guide. Both teacher and students will determine topics. Students work individually and together on tasks, drawing on one another’s ideas and broadening not only the way they think, but also how they communicate with their peers and express their ideas in both written and oral forms.

Prerequisite: Any grade 11 Science

This course is recommended for those students wishing to pursue further studies in mathematics at a post secondary level. Topics cover are limits, derivatives, integration, complex numbers, polar co-ordinates, theory of equations, matrices, and linear equations. These topics will provide a basis for both calculus and algebra in university studies.

Prerequisite: Pre-Calculus Math 40S

This course provides an introduction to the Canadian legal system. Students will explore the different facets of the law and become familiar with the ways law is relevant to their own lives. Criminal law, civil lawsuits, family law, and contract law will all be examined. A significant amount of time will be spent examining real-life case studies.

The work experience course involves students working in the real world and also completing coursework. The object of the course is to recognize the valuable learning that goes on while working and to combine this with school work connected to learning about occupations.

Physics 40S provides the students with a complete preparation for study at the post-secondary level. A variety of new topics include the behaviour of waves, optics, electric forces and fields, electric circuits, magnetism and electromagnetic induction. The topics serve as the fundamentals for a wide variety of related areas of study, including chemistry, electronics, optics, engineering, and many others.

Prerequisite: Physics 30S

Psychology 40S is designed to give students an introductory overview of psychology; the scientific study of the mental processes and behaviour of organisms. Such study can involve both animal and human behaviour. When applied to humans, psychology covers everything that people think, feel, and do. The course will cover topics such as; a brief history of psychology, how people learn and apply their learning, memory and thought processes, our senses and how we perceive the world around us, altered states of consciousness, stress and health, adjustment in society, and abnormal behaviour.

This course is the natural culmination of the study undertaken in the previous courses. Students will have greater responsibility for the assignments completed, in the sense that they will decide upon the ideas they wish to study in greater depth. While students will be required to demonstrate skills, which they have learned, a heavy emphasis will be placed on originality as opposed to mere competence. The intent of the program is to see students’ progress over the three years from a teacher-directed to a student-directed program. You will develop a portfolio and resume for submission to art programs. There will be a design component and an essay. This program requires students to undertake greater depth in their exploration of an idea or creative theme. A heavy emphasis will be placed on research, analysis and synthesis skills. Maintaining an Idea Journal/Sketchbook is an integral part of the course. Gallery visitations are a requirement of the course. Prerequisite: Art 10 AND Art 20 or Art 30, or Written Permission of Instructor

Apprenticeship 40S is a course that is conducted in partnership with the Manitoba government and a local business. Students must be at least 16 years old to participate. Students can earn up to 8 credits. They earn 1 credit for every 110 hours of work. This must be paid work. Not every job is eligible as they must be apprentice-able trades. Please talk to your school counsellor if this is of interest to you.

This course provides an opportunity for students to better understand the role music has played in shaping North American culture since World War Two. Not only will students be afforded greater appreciation of popular music but they will also examine how music has been a primary driver of change over time. Our students are constantly engaging with technology and have access to more music than any previous generation. A course like this can offer insights into the power of music as a shaping force of personal identity, pop culture, internet memes, and culture.

The purpose of this program is to allow students to achieve credit in courses that are not usually offered at GVS (or that student could not take due to conflicts). Students can work at their own pace, driven by their own desire to learn.

Courses Available:

  • Grade 9 Computer Programming and Coding (0.5 credit)
  • Grade 10 Computer Science  (1 credit)
  • Grade 11 3D Modelling  (0.5 credit)
  • Grade 11 2D Animation  (0.5 credit)
  • Grade 11 Desktop Publishing  (0.5 credit)
  • Grade 11 Web Design  (0.5 credit)
  • Volunteer Credit (Talk to Mr. Gerbrandt to set up)
  • Grade 11 Work Experience (1 credit)
  • Grade 12 Work Experience (1 credit)

There are also a wide range of distance education courses available to students. However, to enroll in these courses, students must pay an enrollment fee of approximately $200 for a one credit and $160 for a half credit course. *These courses are run by Manitoba Education and therefore any student work and exam work is sent away to be marked. The full listing of courses available can be found at

Prerequisite: 40S English

This course in English Literature consists of a full University academic year of work. We will examine a wide range of forms (novels, short stories, drama, poetry, and film), the theory and practice of literary criticism combined with research skills, and the role of historical and cultural

factors that influence the creation and reception of literary texts. Students will develop their writing and research skills through essay writing and other written assignments, and learn to formulate rhetorically effective arguments in group presentations and written accounts.

Note: this course fulfills the prerequisite for most upper-level English courses at the University of Winnipeg and does have an application fee and university course fee.